Main differences between “Build-down method” and “Build-up method”
|Build-down method||Build-up method|
|Overview||The use of foreign input materials in the
manufacturing or processing operations
carried out in a contracting party or a
specified area is limited to a maximum
|The domestic content, e.g. the
value of originating materials and
the manufacturing or processing
operations carried out in a
contracting party or in a specified
area, must be equal to or exceed
a given percentage of the value of
the final product.
|This method requires a comparison
between the value of the foreign input or
the materials with undetermined origin
and the value of the final product.
|This method requires a
comparison between the value
added in a contracting party or in
a specified area, and the value of
the final product.
Transaction value method
Net cost method
Focused value method
Maximum Allowance for NonOriginating Material
Minimum Requirement of
Calculation method of Build-down
Calculation method of Build-up
Features of the Ad-valorem rule/Value-added criterion:
The exact methods for calculating the input materials and the final product are
stipulated in the aplicable agreement.
A direct comparison between the percentages used in the different methodologies
cannot be made because of the different calculation bases.
The higher the allowed percentage for use of non-originating material, the more
liberal the origin rule.
The higher the minimum requirement for the domestic content, the more
stringent the origin rule.
The ad-valorem calculation may also vary according to the price basis used for the
final product, i.e. the price of the final product at the moment when it leaves the
factory (ex-works price), or the price of the final product at the time of exportation
or importation (FOB or CIF price).
1,Suitable for goods which have been further refined or processed without a change of tariff
2,Value-added criterion is relatively easy to understand and to apply in practice;
value-added rules allow simple and flexible adjustments for different stages of
development of developing countries;
3,Economic operators are familiar with the cost components of their inputs as the values are
known for commercial and Customs purposes;
4,The administration of value-added rules is complex for small and medium sized companies
and may demand additional book-keeping and sophisticated accounting systems;
5,Requires disclosure of sensitive commercial information by suppliers;
6,Relatively high administrative burden due to the necessity to calculate the various cost
7,Susceptible to the impact of fluctuating exchange rates. A weakening of the exchange rate
raises the value of the foreign inputs in relation to the total cost/ex-works price of a given
product. An increase of the exchange rate of a foreign currency (imported goods are often
invoiced in foreign currencies) will cause an increase of the value of all imported components
priced in a foreign currency. This will render a given ad-valorem rule more restrictive;
8,Susceptible to commodity value fluctuations.
Retrieved from:WCO ORIGIN COMPENDIUM
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