In this article, I’m going to introduce how “Fuel injector” is classified by customs across the world.
Those classifying records are retrieved from each country’s Advanced ruling database.
Those information will be a great help to understand how customs might consider classifying.
And also be a great help to reduce supply chain costs such as adopting CTC method under the FTA and smooth customs clearance procedures.
German Customs case
Classified HS code : 8409.91
Issuing date : 2012-10-30
High-pressure injector – from a specifically shaped valve housing with a multi-hole injector, injector nozzle needle, electrical connector and a connector for the fuel high-pressure line, with an injection pressure of 150/200 bar – for installation in an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition（petrol engine）, – for injecting under pressurized fuel into the combustion chamber.”Part suitable for use solely for internal combustion spark ignition engines of heading 8407″
Retrieved from: European Union Website
It’s classified to HS 8409.91 because it was considered that Injector is suitable for use solely for internal combustion spark ignition engines(HS:8407)
Japan Customs case
Classified HS code : 8409.91
Issuing date : 2016-11-11
Same as German customs It’s classified to HS 8409.91 because it was considered that Injector is suitable for use solely for internal combustion spark ignition engines(HS:8407)
Structure of fuel injector used for automotive gasoline engine：Filter made of 5 kinds of main parts built into the main body（filter）Fuel filtering material located at fuel inlet（spring）When the injection port is fully closed. the needle valve is moved downward （solenoid coil）Electromagnetic coil（needle valve）Valve（nozzle plate）for opening and closing the injection port by suction force of the solenoid coil Injection port for atomizing fuel Characteristics：It consists of a cylindrical body.Size：Maximum diameter 15 mm. length 85 mm Function：A solenoid coil is energized by an ejection signal（electric signal）from the ECU and electromagnetic force is applied to the needle valve Is aspirated and rises and the injection port is opened by.applications boosted fuel is atomized from the injection hole of the nozzle plate injection：using packaging as a fuel injection system of an automobile engine：60 / box
This product is attached to the intake port of a piston type gasoline engine for automobile.receives an electric signal from the ECU.atomizes and injects the pressurized fuel. Because this product is recognized as a part to be used exclusively or mainly by the engine from its properties and functions etc..the tariff rate table part 16（b）.item 84.09 of the tariff rate table and item 84 According to the provision of paragraph 09.it is classified as above.
US Customs case
Classified HS code : 8481.80
Issuing date : January 28, 2016
To the contrary of German and Japanese customs decision, US customs classified Injector as Valves(HS:8481.80)
The item under consideration is a high-pressure fuel injector, model number 35310-2GGA0. The fuel injector is attached to the fuel line of a motor vehicle and is designed to function as a valve. Once activated by the Electronic Control Unit, the solenoid armature and the valve needle incorporated into the fuel injector move upwards. This allows fuel to be sprayed through the valve seat openings and into the combustion chamber of a gasoline engine for brief periods of time. Once the fuel has been sprayed, the fuel injector’s compression spring returns the valve ball to the valve seat and seals the valve seat openings.
Importer insisted that “Fuel injector” should be classified as “Engine parts”(HS:8409) but
US Customs decided that “Fuel injector” should be classified as “Valves”(HS:8481) because US customs consider “Fuel injector” is nothing other than “Valves”
there is a difference in classification opinion between US customs and German, Japanese customs.
This kind of incident is not uncommon all over the world even though the 6digit HS code is a global common system.
It must be a smart way to check each country’s opinion from the Advanced ruling database before export or import cargo to avoid this kind of conflict.