The method is described in Amazon Kindle book "ImageSearch for HS classification"
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In the case of the US, “Shoes” classified in HS:6404.19.3960, customs duty is 37.5%, but if that shoes can be used as “Sports shoes” as well, there is a possibility that customs duty could be lowered to 20%. (HS: 6404.11.90 Sports footwear; tennis shoes, basketball shoes, gym shoes, training shoes, and the like:)
It must be a hard task to add normal shoes to have function something like athletic purposes, but if the cost of adding that function to the normal shoes is lower than the difference in duty rate,
this tariff engineering method should be considered.
Examples of Shoe classifying record
Below examples illustrate the difference between normal shoes and sports shoes.
Classified as HS:6404.19 (normal shoes)
Classified as HS: 6404.11 (Sports Shoes)
United Kingdom customs
United Kingdom customs
Source:European Union Website
Distinguish two types of shoes
Even though they are classified as different HScode, they look very similar, therefore it’s difficult to distinguish them.
In order to distinguish two types of shoes, refer to CUSTOMS BULLETIN AND DECISIONS, VOL. 54, NO. 41, OCTOBER 21, 2020.
In regard to the particular exemplars of heading 6404.11, HTSUS, the court determined that“the fundamental feature that the exemplars share is the design, specifically the enclosed upper, which contains features that stabilize the foot, and protect against abrasion and impact.” Id. at 1317.
It means that when a shoe has the function of “ stabilize the foot and protect against abrasion and impact” it could be classified as Sports footwear (HS: 6404.11.90)
Also, the Case study includes two remarkable statements.
Additional U.S. Note 2 to Chapter 64 states that athletic footwear is classified in subheading 6404.11, HTSUS, “whether or not principally used for such athletic games or purposes.” CBP has interpreted this Note to mean that shoes need not be used solely for athletic purposes, but also those shoes that share appearance, qualities, and character
Additional U.S. Note 2 to Chapter 64 can be referred from census
For the purposes of this chapter, the term “tennis shoes, basketball shoes, gym shoes, training shoes and the like” covers athletic footwear other than sports footwear (as defined in
subheading note 1 above), whether or not principally used for such athletic games or
Since shoes do not need to be “complete sports shoes”, dual-use shoes could be classified as sports shoes.
Rephrasing it, normal shoe’s customs duties could be reduced if it has functions for sports like stabilizing the foot and protects against abrasion and impact.
The conflict between trader and customs was filed.
Trader applied rulings expecting to be classified as Sport shoe but somehow it was classified as Normal shoe N279073 .
Customs reconsidered it and revoke it by Ruling H285615.
it’s worth consideration for shoe manufacture or importer to add such a function to the normal shoe to reduce customs duties.
*Before carrying out Ruling request should be applied.
The method is in this Kindle book
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